Services – What is ABA?

Services – What is ABA?

The goal of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is to increase behaviours that are helpful and decrease problematic behaviours. Behaviour is changed by knowing and altering what happens before or and after.  

When we want a behaviour to change, we make sure that good things happen after the behaviour.  This increases the chance the person will do this behaviour again in the same situation. 

If we want a behaviour to stop, we change the outcomes of that behaviour.  When this happens, they will be less likely to do that behaviour again when they are in that situation.

ABA is an effective intervention for various populations and age groups.  The most researched populations utilizing ABA include: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Intellectual Disabilities, learning disabilities, and behaviour challenges.

There are three major components in ABA programs, prevention strategies, intervention plans and skill building programs
Three components in ABA Therapy

Prevention

  • We work with families to create plans and model strategies to reduce the chance of problem behaviour.  We stress the importance of skill development and consistent behaviour change program, this can reduce common behaviours for families.

Examples:

  • Environmental Set up
  • Effective Instruction
  • Visuals
  • Choice

Skill Building

  • Our Assessments allow us to identify areas that are weaknesses or missing skills.  As part of our plan we realize for long lasting behaviour change, we often need to teach replacement skills or behaviours.  We work with families to identify goals and choose skills across cognitive domains for children to learn.

Examples:

  • Communication and Language
  • Self Help Skills (Toileting, Dressing, etc.)
  • Social and Play Skills
  • Learning Readiness
  • Safety Skills
  • Self-regulation and Self-monitoring skills
  • Feeding Interventions
  • Behaviour Reduction

Intervention

  • We work with families to create plans about what to do when an unwanted behaviour is occurring.  These are step by step plan based on direct observations, assessments and data collection. Only after the plan is reviewed in detail with family will it be implemented.  Staff will train the family and collect data to ensure behaviours are decreasing.

Examples:

  • Aggression
  • Self-injurious behaviour
  • Swearing
  • Mouthing
  • Property destruction
  • Elopement (running away)